Charlottetown Conference, 1864

In September, 1864, Canadian delegates met with their counterparts from the Maritime provinces at the Charlottetown Conference on Prince Edward Island with the goal of uniting to form a new country. Britain supported Confederation as a way to reduce the burden of the colonies on the British treasury, while many delegates saw it as a means to protect themselves from aggression by the United States. Delegates from Canada included John A. Macdonald, George Brown, and George-Étienne Cartier.