Legislative Process: What is a bill?

A bill is an idea that may eventually become a law. MPPs present their ideas to the Legislative Assembly by introducing bills in the House.

Government Bills

A Government Bill may direct the expenditure of public money and is typically introduced to the House by a Cabinet Minister.  Government Bills reflect the policy agenda and priorities of the government party.

Private Member's Public Bills

Any Private Member, except Cabinet Ministers and the Speaker, may introduce a Private Member’s Public Bill. These bills pertain to any topic with a provincial responsibility, but cannot impose a tax or direct the spending of public funds.

Private Bills

Private Bills pertain to special powers or exemptions from the general law and originate with the municipality, company or individual seeking the special power or exemption. Private Bills must be introduced in the Legislative Assembly by a Private Member (not a Cabinet Minister or the Speaker).